The university community is facing a new stage marked by the process of convergence to the so-called European Higher Education Area (EHEA). The European Convergence establishes as the main challenge for universities. This process constitutes a reform of the university education system, in tune with other European countries, affecting, among other things, the designation of degrees, structure of studies, teaching methodologies and credit system. The European Higher Education Area includes key elements that will lead to a real convergence between the great diversity of national systems. The term "European Credit", the concepts of "Degree" and "Postgraduate", "Master" and "Doctorate", etc., are currently being defined and developed together with the enhancement of "Accreditation of the quality ".
With the declarations of the Sorbonne (1998), Bologna (1999) and Prague (2001), the EHEA begins to take shape, with a series of objectives being set by the European Ministers of Education, which were later defined in the Salamanca (2001) , Berlin (2003), Glasgow (2005) and Bergen (2005), setting the deadline for its implementation in 2010.
In broad outline, the main objectives to be carried out are:
- Adoption of a system of university degrees that is easily comparable and understandable throughout Europe with the adoption of a title supplement (SET) to promote job opportunities and the international competitiveness of European education systems.
- Establishment of a system of university degrees of two cycles (graduate and postgraduate).
- Establishment of an equal credit assessment for all European countries "European credits transfer system" (ECTS).
- Promotion of the mobility of students, professors and researchers from universities and other European higher education institutions.
- Establishment of systems of evaluation of the quality of Higher Education developing comparable criteria and educational methodologies.
- Establishment of a European dimension in Higher Education.
- Promote lifelong learning.
- To foster, as an essential point, the participation of universities and students in the whole process.
The creation of the EHEA is going to suppose a superior teaching of more quality. It will promote and facilitate the free exchange of teachers and students. The new concept of credit is a recognition of the real work of students, increases the transparency to better understand the different educational systems, fosters and favors collaboration between universities and learning at any time, in any country and in any type of education. In short, it implies a conceptual reorganization of educational systems.
The concept of credit in Spain defined until very recently by Article 2-7 of Royal Decree 1497/1987 corresponded to "ten hours of theoretical teaching, practice or their equivalences." The credit as defined was very different from that received for the construction of the EHEA, since these are units of accumulation that take into account only the hours of teaching and in no case consider the hours of dedication on the part of the student. However, Spain has been participating from the beginning in the ERASMUS mobility programs, so that the ECTS regulations have been adopted, even with the difficulties of adapting to the national system. ECTS are used in parallel with the national system for exchanges, so it may be thought that there is a good basis for using European credits when they are adopted.
Royal Decree establishing the Ordinance of Official University Teachings
Agreement of Council of Ministers of 21 December, which establishes the conditions to which the curricula leading to the obtaining of qualifications that qualify for the exercise of the regulated profession of Technical Architect must be adjusted.
ORDEN ECI/3855/2007, of December 27, establishing the requirements for the verification of official university degrees that qualify for the practice of the Technical Architect profession.
Agreements of the Conference of Directors
Last meeting: January 17, 2008
Presentation of the program VERIFICA to the Universities (December 18, 2007):Through this link you can access the presentations of the presentation of the VERIFICA to Universities program, held on December 18, 2007 at the Jardín Metropolitano Hotel.
Evaluation protocol for the verification of official university degrees (Version 5): ANECA collects in this document the necessary protocols in the evaluation process for the verification of the curricula.
Support Guide for the preparation of the Report for the request for verification of official degrees:this guide has been developed in order to guide universities in preparing the Report for the request for verification of official degrees.